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EPBD Recast (Directive 2010/31/EU)


On 19 May 2010, a recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union in order to strengthen the energy performance requirements and to clarify and streamline some of the provisions from the 2002 Directive it replaces. In November 2008, the Commission adopted the proposal for a recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. Throughout 2009, the proposal went through the approval process of the European Parliament and Council and a political agreement was achieved 17 November 2009. The recast proposal confirms the importance of effective implementation at the Member State level, the importance of Community-wide co-operation and the strong long-term commitment and role of the Commission itself to support such effective implementation.

As the November 2008 Commission Communication for the original proposal states, buildings have significant untapped potential for cost effective energy savings “which, if realized, would mean that in 2020 the EU will consume 11 % less final energy.” The magnitude of the potential savings is such that every effort must be made to achieve it.

Dowload the official recast of the Directive approved 19 May 2010 (pdf).


Major Highlights of the Recast Directive include:

  • As of 31 December 2020 new buildings in the EU will have to consume 'nearly zero' energy and the energy will be 'to a very large extent'  from renewable sources.
  • Public authorities that own or occupy a new building should set an  example by building, buying or renting  such 'nearly zero energy building' as of 31 December 2018.
  • The definition of very low energy building was agreed to: "nearly zero energy building means a building that has a very high energy performance, determined in accordance with Annex I. The nearly zero or very low amount of energy required should to a very significant level be covered by energy from renewable source, including renewable energy produced on-site or nearby"
  • There is no specific target be set for the renovation of  existing building, but Member States shall following the leading example of the public sector by developing  policies and take measures such as targets in order to stimulate the transformation of buildings that are refurbished into very low energy buildings, and inform the Commission thereof in their national plans referred to in paragraph 1.
  • The 1000m2 threshold for major renovation has been deleted and this will take effect when the national regulations have been implemented and applied, probably at the beginning of 2014.
  • Minimum requirements for components are introduced for all replacements and renovations, although for major renovations, the holistic calculation methodology is the preferred method with performance calculations based on component requirements allowed as a complement or alternatively
  • A harmonised calculation methodology to push-up MS  minimum energy performance requirements towards a cost-optimal level is set out in the Directive in a definition and an annex, and will also be refined in a comitology process,. MS will have to justify to the COM if the gap between current requirements and cost optimal requirements is more than 15 %
  • A more detailed and rigorous procedure for issuing energy performance certificates will be required in MS.
  • Control systems will be required by MS to check the correctness of performance certification.
  • MS will be required to introduce penalties for non-compliance. Member States shall lay down the rules on penalties applicable to infringements of the national provisions adopted pursuant to this Directive and shall take all measures necessary to ensure that they are implemented. The penalties provided for must be effective, proportionate and dissuasive. Member States shall communicate those provisions to the Commission.

eceee is particularly concerned that no specific target was set for existing building, which represent the bulk of the building stock and the potential energy savings for the sector. eceee will continue to work to find other policy solutions to better address existing buildings.

eceee will be turning its attention in part to better implementation of the Directive. To start that process, two case studies on the Energy Performance Certificate are now available. eceee will be providing whatever support necessary to the comitology process which will be addressing how to define and calculate cost-optimality. 


eceee documents

For eceee documents on buildings, go to the Documents and links page.