It will take an energy transition to keep the lights on in Ukraine

(EurActiv, 19 Apr 2024) n the wake of Russian strikes on critical elements of Ukraine’s electricity infrastructure, the nation faces the immediate challenge of keeping the lights on for its citizens, businesses and defence efforts — yet must also consider how to reconstruct its electricity system and make it more resilient.

Monika Morawiecka is a Senior Advisor with the Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP)

There seems to be a strong consensus within Ukraine that this future electricity system will be a sustainable one. As the country moves closer to joining the EU, European requirements and energy and climate policies are providing clear guidelines for the future Ukrainian energy system. 

Despite the war, the Ukrainian government has kept its climate ambition and, in May 2023, adopted the 2050 Energy Strategy of Ukraine, which envisages a carbon-neutral energy sector by 2050. 

The imperative for Ukraine to decarbonise and decentralise its power system has never been more apparent. With the declining costs of renewable energy sources, the benefits of resilience and enhanced security of supply, as well as the pressing need for European integration, Ukraine has an opportunity to pursue a sustainable and affordable road towards decarbonisation.

Analysing decarbonisation pathways

A recent study offers valuable insights into long-term decarbonisation scenarios for Ukraine’s power system. The study confirms that decarbonising the Ukrainian power sector before 2050 is feasible, both technically and economically.

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EurActiv, 19 Apr 2024: It will take an energy transition to keep the lights on in Ukraine