New JRC report shows increased energy consumption for transport and tertiary sector

(eceee news, 5 Feb 2019) A new report by the EU Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC), demonstrates the energy consumption progress from 2000 to 2016 in the EU-28 in in four sectors: residential, tertiary, transport and industry.

The report aims to analyze the EU energy consumption and identifies the energy efficiency trends in the framework of the Europe 2020 strategy. It includes an analysis of the most important factors influencing energy consumption trends such as economic growth, population, heating demand, household characteristics and energy prices.

The report has a special focus on electricity and gas consumption, as they are the most important alternatives to oil. Energy indicators such as energy intensity and energy consumption per capita are also analysed.

According to the EU Commission, the European Union has reduced its energy consumption from 2000 to 2016, allowing reduced energy indicators such as energy intensity and energy consumption per capita, driving higher competitiveness at global level.

Other findings include:

  • In 2014, the EU had already met the target values set in the Energy Efficiency Directive for 2020 in terms of final energy consumption and it was on track to reach the target value for primary energy consumption.
  • In the last decade, the financial and economic crisis has contributed to lower growth in energy demand.
  • In the residential sector; final energy consumption has slightly declined and has been reduced significantly in the industry sector. On the other hand, the transport and the tertiary sector have increased their final energy consumption.
  • Regarding energy sources mix evolution, the report shows a trend of electrification of energy, mainly due to the increase in the use of electric appliances and heating pumps, the development of big data centres and the very high growth of new information and communication technologies.
  • During the analysed period, an important development of renewable energy has taken place and the use of petroleum products and gas as energy sources is gradually declining.

The report can be downloaded here