Energy efficiency in every day household life. Three scenarios

Panel: Panel 3 Behavioural analysis

Authors:
Anna-Lisa Lindén
Department of Sociology
Lund University

Abstract

Households will play an important role in saving electricity in the future. Behavioural aspects in using white goods and other electric appliances are important as are the reasons for buying new white goods and a number of other appliances for cooking and washing. In a Swedish study three important aspects of energy use in households , Washing/drying Laundry, Cooking and Eating, and Information and Entertainment were analysed. These areas include activities performed almost daily in households. In the study , the number, make and model of all electric appliances were recorded, as was the way they were used and by which family members. Some white goods for washing and cooking were very old, but were candidates for replacement only in young households. Electricity use, behaviour, buying and replacement and number of machines differed between young and old households, with number of persons in the household and between families living in apartments and those living in houses.

Scenarios on the electricity savings potential of combining behaviour and replacement strategy for white goods were calculated for the three areas of electricity use, and discussed in relation to the need for policy instruments to bring about changes in behaviour or in replacement strategy for old appliances.

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