EU member states energy efficiency policies for the industrial sector based on the NEEAPs analysis

Panel: 1. Policies and programmes to drive transformation

This is a peer-reviewed paper.

Authors:
Paolo Bertoldi, European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) Ispra, Italy
Marina Economidou, European Commission Joint Research Centre, Italy

Abstract

The EU has been promoting energy efficiency through a number of policies. However, only a few EU policies have been targeting the industrial sector, in particular Eco-design and the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), mainly with Articles 7 and 8. In addition, EU climate policies (e.g. the EU Emission Trading scheme (ETS); the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED), etc.) have also contributed to improving energy efficiency in industry. EU Member States (MSs) have since long time introduced l polices at national level to promote energy efficiency in industry, in particular voluntary agreements (Swede, Finland, The Netherlands, etc.) and energy audits.

Under the Energy Service Directive (ESD) initially and then under the EED, MSs have been required to submit National Energy Efficiency Plans (NEEAPs) to the European Commission every three years since 2008 (2008, 2011, 2014 and 2017). The NEEAPs describe the present and planned policies in the different sectors, including industry, in order to reach the 2020 energy efficiency targets. The NEEAPs shall also evaluate the energy savings resulting from the policies.

There are several national policies in the industrial sector described in the NEEAPs. The paper analyses the major national energy efficiency policies in MSs (classified under different categories, e.g.: voluntary agreements, training, audits, financial incentives, energy company obligations, etc.) and their impact on energy savings based on the most recent NEEAPs of 2017, and also taking into account previous NEEAPs.

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