Energy efficient supply chain of an aluminium product in Sweden – what can be done in-house and between the companies?

Panel: 4. Technology, products and system optimisation

This is a peer-reviewed paper.

Maria Johansson, Linköping University, Sweden
Joakim Haraldsson, Linköping University, Sweden
Magnus Karlsson, Linköping University, Sweden


According to the Energy Efficiency Directive executed by the European Union, each member state is obliged to set a national target on energy efficiency. This requirement constitutes the basis for governments to formulate policy measures directed towards industrial companies. Such policy measures, along with the demand for cost-effective production to remain competitive on the market, motivates industrial companies to improve their energy efficiency. The aluminium industry is energy intensive and consumes substantial amounts of electricity and fossil fuels, resulting in both direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions. This paper presents a study of the production of an aluminium product in Sweden in terms of implemented energy efficiency measures in the supply chain and potential areas for further improvement. Most previous studies have focused on energy efficiency measures in individual companies (value chains). However, this paper presents and analyses energy efficiency measures not only in each individual company but also in the entire supply chain of the product. The supply chain studied starts with secondary aluminium production followed by the production of a part of an automobile motor and ends with installing the motor detail in a car. Empirical data were gathered through a questionnaire and a focus group. The study shows the great potential for further energy efficiency improvements in the value chains of each individual company and in the whole supply chain. The work shown here is a part of a larger research project performed in close cooperation with the Swedish aluminium industry.


One of the references has been corrected.


Download this paper as pdf: 4-012-18_Johansson_rev.pdf

Download this presentation as pdf: 4-012-18_Haraldsson_pres.pdf