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Improved public transport to curb car use and fuel consumption in Asian cities: A research framework for integrating rickshaw usage with bus rapid transit (BRT)

Panel: 4. Transport and mobility: How to deliver energy efficiency 

This is a peer-reviewed paper.

M. Shafiq-Ur Rahman, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh, Bangladesh


Many cities in Asia have implemented Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems, while others are planning to do so as a means of tackling increasing transport problems. However, proper feeder services and the trip-end facilities are needed to maximize the benefits of BRT systems. The numbers and combinations of different travel modes between trip ends or joint trips on public transport are increasing in many developing cities. The number of joint trips is increasing due to city growth and the need for a variety of public transport systems to cover the whole city. Better integration of various modes could improve the capacity of public transport and non-motorized transport (NMT) could provide feeder or access facilities to public transport. Moreover, the integration of NMT with high quality transit systems could provide convenience and comfort to the public transport users. This may help increase ridership on public transport and thus reduce car dependency/use or fuel consumption.

Several BRT systems in China have been integrated with bicycles. However, there is no BRT system in the world which yet demonstrates integration with rickshaws. This paper provides a brief description of transport and fuel consumption in the Asian cities, transit systems and their integration with other modes, integrated multi-modal transport, and an outline of research methodology for integrating rickshaws with BRT systems.


Download this presentation as pdf: 4-163_Rahman_po.pdf

Download this paper as pdf: 4-163_Rahman.pdf