European shopping centre building stock – a pathway towards lower energy consumption via innovative energy policy

Panel: 6. Buildings policies, directives and programmes

This is a peer-reviewed paper.

Authors:
Agne Toleikyte, Technische Universität Wien - Institute of Energy Systems and Electrical Drives, Energy Economics Group, Austria
Raphael Bointner, TUW, Austria
Filippos Anagnostopoulos, BPIE, Belgium

Abstract

The European shopping centre building stock offers a high energy saving potential and good ground to implement energy efficiency measures. Looking at macro-economic parameters such as sales growth and shopping centre floor area per capita, the stock of shopping centres is expected to growth especially in the European transition economies while remaining stagnant in the saturated markets of western and northern Europe. The energy demand for lighting, refrigeration, ventilation, space cooling and heating, is correspondingly growing in these transition markets. On the other hand, in the saturated markets, the major challenge is to renovate the existing building stock of shopping centres. Both new and retrofitted buildings require technology solutions and a corresponding policy framework to enhance energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy sources, while improving indoor environmental quality that is of primary importance for selling activity. In this paper, the current and future energy demand in the European shopping centre building stock is assessed to 2030 using (i) specific power consumption and duration for lighting, appliances, refrigeration and ventilation, (ii) shopping centre categories’ gross leasable area, (iii) developments in building renovation and new construction and (iv) standard and advanced energy efficiency technologies. A number of policy scenarios on the future total energy demand are derived showing the impact of the most important drivers such as renovation rates and implemented energy efficiency solutions. Based on these scenarios, the paper provides policy recommendations (such as obligations, incentives and funding schemes) on how to increase the use of energy efficiency measures and renewable energy in European shopping centres, thus assisting the sector to contribute to the European 2030 climate and energy targets.

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