EU's 2030 policy framework

Revised Clean Energy Package

The new energy legislative framework – the Clean Energy for All Europeans package (Clean Energy Package) -  with new obligations, was adopted the first half of 2019.

The aim is to further the role and importance of the Energy Union and ensure delivering on the EU’s Paris Climate Agreement commitments.

The new policy framework introduces of the first “national energy and climate plans” through a new governance system. The package also outlines specific measures for the building sector.

New targets

The Clean Energy Package sets new targets for the EU for 2030:

  • 40% cut in greenhouse gas emissions compared to 1990 levels;
  • A binding renewable energy target of at least 32%
  • An energy efficiency target of at least 32.5% - with a possible upward revision in 2023.
  • For the electricity market, it confirms the 2030 interconnection target of 15%, following on from the 10% target for 2020.

When these policies are fully implemented, they are expected to lead to some 45% emission reductions by 2030 relative to 1990 (compared to the existing target of a 40% reduction).


The Clean Energy Package includes 8 different legislative texts (as of December 2018):

Legislation in force

In December 2018, three key pieces of legislation in the Clean Energy package entered into force.

  • The revised Renewable Energy Directive (EU) 2018/2001, which establishes a binding EU target of at least 32% for 2030 with a review for increasing this figure in 2023.
  • The revised Energy Efficiency Directive (EU) 2018/2002, which sets a 2030 target of 32.5%, with a possible upward revision in 2023.
  • The new Governance Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 includes the requirement for Member States to draw up integrated National Energy and Climate Plans for 2021 to 2030, which will outline how to achieve the targets.

Earlier 2018, the revised Energy Performance of Building Directive was adopted.

EU electricity market

The remaining legislative acts in the Clean Energy Package, relating to electricity market design (Electricity Directive, Electricity Regulation, Risk Preparedness and ACER), were adopted in May 2019.

This part of the package seeks to establish a modern design for the EU electricity market, adapted to the new realities of the market. The aim is to create a more flexible, and market-oriented market, which is better placed to integrate a greater share of renewables.

2050 Long-term strategy

On 28 November 2018, the Commission presented its strategic long-term vision for a prosperous, modern, competitive and climate-neutral economy by 2050 – A Clean Planet for All.

The strategy aims to show how Europe can lead the way to climate neutrality by investing into technological solutions, empowering citizens, and aligning action in key areas such as industrial policy, finance, or research. It will build on the new energy policy framework established under the Clean Energy Package.