Frequently Asked Questions on the Recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

This FAQ document has been produced by eceee as a guide to understanding the recast of the EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)1 which was adopted on 19 May 2010 by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The recast Directive aims at strengthening the energy performance requirements and to clarify and streamline some of the provisions from the 2002 Directive it replaces.

There are many questions that are being asked about the recast EPBD and how different it is from the original Directive. eceee tries to answer the most common ones and this FAQ report will be updated regularly, as eceee is asked more questions about the recently approved recast Directive.

The questions:

The Context for and Overview of the Directive (see answer on the context page)

  • How important are buildings for energy consumption and climate impact?
  • What is the aim of the EPBD?
  • What are the main highlights of the recast EPBD?
  • What types of buildings are covered by this Directive?
  • What types of buildings are covered by this Directive?

New Buildings (see answer on the new buildings page)

  • Is there something in the recast Directive specifically for new buildings?
  • What is a Nearly Zero Energy Building?
  • What does cost-optimality mean and how is the concept used? 

Existing Buildings (see answer on the existing buildings page)

  • Is there something specifically for existing buildings?
  • What is a major renovation under the recast?
  • How are components within buildings addressed in the recast?

Contributing measures (see answer on the contributing measures page)

  • How will energy performance certificates (EPCs) be implemented?
  • What standards have been developed to support the implementation of the EPBD
  • Who will finance improvements to meet the objectives?
  • What support are MS getting to help implement the Directive

Monitoring and impact (see answer on the monitoring and impact page)

  • How do MS report?
  • What is the expected impact of this recast?
  • What is the likelihood that all this impact will be achieved?
  • How can we be assured that the objectives will be met?

eceee resources

  • eceee’s response on the public consultation on the evaluation of the EPBD (Oct 2015).
  • eceee memo on NZEB definitions submitted to the Commission (Dec 2015).
  • Steering through the Maze #2 (revised) - Understanding (the very European concept of) Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings (11 April 2014) (pdf).
  • Steering through the Maze #4 - Capturing the collective knowledge base on building retrofit (6 May 2011) (pdf).
  • Steering through the Maze #1 - The recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD). (Updated 9 March 2010) (pdf).

    EU documents

    eceee columns

    Fiona Hall: Buildings are key to meeting our targets
    Rod Janssen: Delivering Energy Efficiency
    Rod Janssen: To the point: The EPBD countdown
    Rod Janssen: (Interview in BUILD UP) Leadership for Energy Efficiency

    Other links