Energy Efficiency Obligations

Article 7 of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) requires EU Member States to introduce energy efficiency obligation schemes (EEOSs). EEOS require energy companies to save 1.5% of their energy sales on an annual basis with EE projects. As an alternative to EEOSs, Article 7 provides Member States the option to introduce alternative policy measures to EEOS as long as these measures deliver equivalent energy savings.

As of June 2015, five member states - Denmark, France, Italy, Poland, and UK - have existing EEOS (Belgium-Flanders had a scheme that expired in 2012). The major of EU Member States rely on a mixture of EEOS plus alternative measures or on alternative measures alone.

The resources section includes links to additional information about the status and impacts of EEOS in EU Member States. See also the eceee Frequently Asked Questions about EEOSs.

eceee Resources

eceee response to the EED public consultation, January 2016. Download

Determining Energy Savings for Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes eceee and RAP report. Download

Toolkit for Energy Efficiency Obligations (RAP). Download

Energy efficiency obligations – the EU experience. eceee briefing for DG Energy on EU energy efficiency obligations on energy companies and their importance in meeting climate change and energy security challenges. Download.

How is Article 7 of the EED being implemented? Bertoldi et al 2015. Abstract. (full version in eceee Summer Study proceedings)

Coalition Guidebook

The Coalition for Energy Savings offers a guidebook on strong implementation of the EED. It is available both as interactive web pages as well as a downloadable free pdf.

EU resources

energy efficiency policy

Increasingly ambitious EU policies

Europe has had increasingly more ambitious energy efficiency policies since the oil crises of the 1970s. Particularly since 2000, the pace of change has picked up significantly as the priority for energy efficiency gains ground.  The most significant indication of the policy direction in the EU has been through the energy efficiency (action) plans. An energy efficiency action plan came out April 26, 2000.  This was followed by another in 2006 and then most recently, an energy efficiency plan (EEP) in March 2011.

The Energy Efficiency Plan covered targets, public sector measures, buildings, energy supply obligations, cogeneration and industry. The Plan also went into financing issues, promoting smart meters and smart grids, expanding the National Energy Efficiency Action Plans to cover the entire energy chain and not just energy demand.