Panel 2. What's next in energy policy?

By the Paris Agreement 195 countries have agreed to hold the increase in global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial level and pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C. As a part of this the EU has agreed in the regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union that the Commission shall develop a long-term strategy for the EU to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions within the Union by 2050 and negative emissions thereafter.

This will require an evolving and new energy system environment; one with strong focus on energy consumption, and much more variable and renewable energy supply, with low or zero marginal production costs, in integrated systems with demand flexibility and energy storage. This will create new challenges and opportunities for energy and electricity efficiency, as well as for energy companies and other actors.

Reduction of energy consumption by improving energy efficiency is an essential component in the transition to a low-carbon society, with a strong focus on competitiveness and security of supply. The transition will require significant investments in new low-carbon technologies, renewable energy, energy efficiency and grid infrastructure. Policies must take into account that investment decisions taken today will reshape the systems and affect the next 20 to 60 years.

EU has in 2018 agreed on 32.5 pct. energy efficiency target for 2030 and the Energy performance of building directives (EPBD) and the Energy efficiency directive (EED) has been revised. The targets set for primary and final energy consumption in EU and the actual policies at EU and national level are supporting the long-term transition, but more is needed.

Panel 2 takes a long term perspective on the future role of energy efficiency in a changing energy system, market and policy landscape. We welcome contributions on the following topics:

  • Energy efficiency policy concepts to achieve net zero greenhouse gas emissions in EU by 2050 – what fundamental shifts (in technology costs, energy prices, national policies, behavior, etc.) are necessary to promote such a transition?
  • Going beyond energy efficiency – focus on demand reduction and sufficiency
  • The “energy efficiency first” principle – how to make it workable?
  • The link between energy efficiency and renewable energy. The role for energy efficiency in future carbon neutral, flexible and integrated energy systems. (with integration between production and end-use, different energy carriers, or sectors) including the relation between energy efficiency and a flexible consumption.
  • Design and implementation of sustainable long-term polices
  • The role of multidisciplinary policies including integration of the relevant UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  • Innovation and new business models including models focus on energy services and not (only) energy consumption
  • Which governance structure is needed to promote long-term innovations and a low-carbon transition?
  • What are good communication strategies for energy efficiency? Does more participation in policy development help?

Relevant cross-cutting issues are:

  • The multiple benefits related to energy efficiency
  • Digitalisation, big data and internet of things
  • Circular economy

We are looking both for more theoretical and conceptual contributions as well as practical examples.

Panel leaders

Peter Bach, Danish Energy Agency, Denmark

Peter Bach is chief adviser on energy efficiency at the Danish Energy Agency, Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate. He has worked with energy issues and policies for more then 35 years, with special focus on energy efficiency over the last 25 years.

Peter Bach is working with the formulation, implementation and evaluation of Danish energy efficiency policies and measures. He has been project manager for developing several new initiatives, actions plan on energy efficiency and new legislation. Over the last years he has especially been involved in the development and management of the Danish scheme for energy efficiency obligation for energy utilities, and in the development of input to new energy policy agreements

Peter Bach has been involved in international energy efficiency activities including negotiations of energy efficiency policies in EU as a representative for the Danish Government. He was in 29012 under the Danish EU Presidency in 2012 deeply involved in the negotiation of the new energy efficiency directive.  He has also followed the negotiation in 2017 and 2018 of the revision of the energy efficiency directive.

Peter Bach is President of eceee – European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, and he is the Danish member of IEA’s Energy Efficiency Working Party. He has a background as M.Sc.-engineer.

Barbara Schlomann, Fraunhofer ISI, Germany

Barbara Schlomann is an energy economist with many  years of experience in the field of energy efficiency. She received her PhD from the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands. She joined Fraunhofer ISI in Karlsruhe, Germany, where she works as a senior scientist and project manager. Her current research focus is on the design and evaluation of energy efficiency policies and the monitoring of energy and climate targets. Her present work is mainly underway in the framework of the German energy transition and the governance of the Energy Union. From 2011 to 2018, she was also a member in the Board of the European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (eceee).


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