Modernising energy efficiency obligation programmes

Start/Stop Date:
10 Dec 2019
International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Regulatory assistance Project (RAP)
IEA Headquarters, 9 rue de la Fédération 75739 Paris Cedex 15 France
Focus Areas:
Energy efficiency obligations
Type of Event:

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Energy Efficiency Obligations (EEOs) play a key role in delivering energy policy goals, whether they be to save energy, access cost-effective energy resources, reduce carbon emissions, develop energy service markets or tackle fuel poverty. Recent research commissioned by the International Energy Agency (IEA), with support from the Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP), found that the number of EEOs globally has quadrupled over the last ten years, while investment stimulated by them has risen six-fold, to USD 26 billion in 2015, which is around 10-15% of global energy efficiency investment.[1] This makes EEOs one of the most important policy instruments after standards in terms of driving uptake of energy efficiency.

As the popularity of EEOs increases and energy policy objectives evolve, new design and implementation questions are arising. In Europe, Members States are preparing their policy frameworks for the 2021-2030 period, including plans for expanding and adapting EEOs to address more ambitious and multi-faceted policy goals. In emerging economies, similar schemes are generated lessons learned that can be applied in other contexts – for example, the Perform Achieve Trade (PAT) in India and the Program for Energy Efficiency (PPE) in Brazil. Finally, EEOs in the United States and Australia are also adapting to include new measurement and verification (M&V) approaches that explicitly address the variations in the value of efficiency by time and place.

The purpose of this workshop is to share experience gained by policy makers and programme implementers in the context of the changing nature of the energy sector. Sessions will address lessons learned from a broader range of EEO designs, including trading mechanisms such as the Italian and French White Certificate programmes, as well as EEOs designed to deliver wider policy objectives, such as encouraging ‘deep building renovations.’ We will also explore the synergies that EEOs can have with other energy efficiency policies, such as tax incentives, standards and labels, etc. The workshop will also touch on emerging trends such as pay-for-performance programmes, which reward obligated parties for energy savings on an ongoing basis, using data from smart meters, rather than paying for the installation of measures in Year 1, as well as programmes designed to reward obligated parties for energy savings where and when it is needed from a GHG reduction, network constraint, and/or flexibility perspective.

Tuesday, 10 December – Agenda [DRAFT]


08:30 - 09:00

Participant Registration - Welcome Coffee and Tea



09:00 - 10:30

Global experience with EEOs

Globally, the number of EEOs has more than quadrupled over the last 15 years while the amount of programme investment has increased more than six-fold. This session showcases different approaches to obligation design from three continents.



  • Brian Motherway, IEA – Welcome and introduction
  • Marcos Vasconcelos, ANEEL, Brazil – Brazil’s Programme for Energy Efficiency
  • David Pryor, NSW Office of Environment & Heritage, Australia –The New South Wales Energy Savings Scheme
  • Josephine Maguire, Ireland – The Irish Energy Efficiency Obligation Scheme




Coffee break

11:00 - 12:30

Lessons from recent experience with EEOs

This session sees presentations on programmes that have undergone significant changes in recent years. How have those changes been managed and what lessons can be learned for policy makers and regulators?


  • Henry Adams, Common Capital, AustraliaAustralian EEO experiences incorporating innovative M&V methodologies into
  • Dario Di Santo, Fire ItalyManagement of rule changes and coping with fraud in the Italian White Certificate programme
  • Tadeusz Skoczkowski, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland Evaluating the Polish White Certificate programme



12:30 - 13:30




13:30 – 15:00

Best Practice: Testing the Robustness of Existing Guidance

This session tests existing guidance, developed by the Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP) and the Technology Collaboration Programme by IEA. Workshop participants will be asked to brainstorm topics that updated guidance should cover.


  • Jan Rosenow and Samuel Thomas, RAP


Coffee break



15:30 - 17:30

Increasing value from EEOs in a decarbonising, digitalised energy system

This session looks at how EEOs might adapt to changes in our energy systems. The growing penetration of intermittent renewable generation means that the value of energy efficiency will increasingly vary by time and location. Digitalisation is enabling the development of more reliable and finely grained measurement systems. These trends are lowering the costs and increasing the benefits to “pay-for-performance” in energy efficiency programmes. Experience from leading programmes will fuel the discussion on next steps across EEOs.

  • Megan Fisher, NYSERDA, New York, United States
  • Angeliki Koulouri, UKPN, United Kingdom
  • Al Gaspari, Pacific Gas & Electric, California, United States


[1] IEA (2017), Market-based Instruments for Energy Efficiency,