Panel 3. Policy and governance

The aim of the Panel 3: Policy and Governance is to reveal and discuss how energy efficiency policies can be designed, implemented and managed to generate optimal and lasting energy savings. The panel will focus on topics in relevant European Union Directives (such as the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), the Energy Performance Buildings Directive (EPBD), the Energy Labelling Directive and others), on their interactions and the need of coordination between the Directives. Discussions related to the sufficiency of the Directives, as well as compliance of the Directives are welcome. Contributions should address the following two questions:

  • Policy Redesign: Does the implementation of the different directives (EED, Renewable Energy Directive, EPBD, Energy Labelling) lead to considerable synergies or conflicting issues? For example; How can inconsistencies be overcome and under which conditions (e.g. governance, institutional, financial, capacity) can the (re)design and implementation of policies under the EED be enhanced? What are the key resource and capacity challenges in the existing institutional/governance set-up of public authorities that need to be addressed to enable the establishment of a formal monitoring and evaluation procedure for policies under the EED? What are the key gaps in policies efficiency that need to be addressed? Is it possible to fill those gaps through exchange of experience, and what kind of tools can be built to allow the member states to fill those gaps?
  • Cross-sectoral Governance: How can countries improve their policy foundations for energy efficiency? How are energy efficiency policies connected to other related policies (transport policies, urban planning policies, housing policies, etc.)? Reciprocally, how are these policies affecting and considering energy efficiency? What are the options/policies available to address barriers in delivery of energy efficiency policies? For example, what are the best-practice policies in enabling/motivating utilities to profit from improved retail and distribution policies and practices in EEOs? And how can other market players deliver savings in alternative policies?


In its second State of the Energy Union report, COM (2017)53[1] the European Commission highlights the multiple benefits of the Energy Union: “The Energy Union is about more than energy and climate alone: it is about accelerating the modernisation of Europe’s entire economy, making it low carbon and efficient in energy and resources, in a socially fair manner … There is, in other words, a strong business case for the transition to a more modern, low carbon economy”. The debate has now firmly moved on from the “why?” to the “how?”, hence from policy design towards implementation.

The implementation of the EED by European Union Member States (MS) has shown so far that public authorities have limited time and resources to coordinate the experience sharing at the EU level, or to research and adopt the implementation approaches of other MS. Their focus is on designing, implementing, monitoring, reporting and evaluating their own national policies. The ongoing work in most EU projects have shown that national authorities and market stakeholders on EED and Article 7 specifically, welcomed the opportunity to share experiences and discover solutions and policy implementation challenges (on energy efficiency obligations (EEO) or alternative measures).

There are thus clear implementation aspects that need to be unveiled and addressed within the new period of the EED implementation (until 2030). EED implementation experience thus far demonstrates that public bodies deciding on Article 7 measures tend to take precautions by choosing safe and tried out policies. Often, this means that some cross-cutting measures including e.g. more renewables in buildings, or certain tax schemes for transport are avoided, to ensure compliance with the EED. A possible solution for enhancing cross-cutting measures is to ensure proper explanation and communication of certain key issues (such as materiality, additionality, lifetime of measures, and others), which correspond to different cross-directive requirements (such as calculation of energy savings, eligible policies, information sharing and verification without double-counting). The requirements from the EED complement many requirements in the EPBD recast especially, but also the Renewable Energy Directive, EcoDesign and the Energy Labelling Directive. There are many articles in place also that ensure the multiplication effect or synergy with the EPBD recast, where similar issues appear in the relevant implementation of policies.

The implementation aspects of the energy efficiency related policies will thus aim at providing a better understanding of the issues that MS face (on the national but also regional and local level) when implementing the EED, EPBD and related Directives’ requirements and quantify these issues to an extent possible. There are several needs assessments that have taken place on specific articles, and this is where contributions can be based, providing more elaborate data with surveys, econometric studies, questionnaires and demonstrate the actual implementation barriers in various Articles of these Directives.

Furthermore, next to the description of the state of the art in policy implementation (from the EED framework to the Covenant of Mayors SEAPs), contributions could include an in-depth analysis of the motivations for the change of policies over time and how the governance structures in the countries examined have facilitated or hindered the policy implementation process. Along the same lines, contributions must be able to showcase how the specific actions from authorities (from modifying legal frameworks up to reshaping the entire policies and targets) have assisted them in overcoming the implementation issues. Directly related to that, contributions must identify the optimal synergies of the local-regional-national levels from these Directives and clearly demonstrate how their findings can be extrapolated to the multi-governance level.



Panel leaders

Ingrid Magnussen, The Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate, Norway

Ingrid Magnussen is working as an analyst at NVE (the Norwegian water resources and energy directorate). She studied at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), and holds a Master of Science in Industrial economics and technology management.

She has been working with analyses related to the Energy efficiency directive (EED), the renewables directive (RED) and the Energy performance of buildings directive (EPBD), as well as analyses related to the Clean Energy Package. Focus the previous years have been on modelling of energy consumption, with special attention to energy consumption in service sector and households, and consumer behaviour. She is familiar with energy consumption modelling framework (LEAP, TIMES), and has previous experience from consultancy, and from secondment at the European Commission, working on EED-topics.  She also has experience in analyses and evaluation of policy programmes and measures.

Vlasis Oikonomou, The Institute for European Energy and Climate Policy, the Netherlands

Vlasis Oikonomou, Dr. is a senior expert of the Institute for European Energy and Climate Policy in the Netherlands. He is currently leading two EC Horizon 2020 projects; PROSPECT (Peer Powered Cities and Regions) as a scientific coordinator, and PUBLENEF (Supporting Public Authorities for implementing energy efficiency policies). In the past, he was a coordinator of an EC IEE ENSPOL project (Energy Saving Policies and Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes), an EC FP7 POLIMP project (Mobilizing and Transferring knowledge on post-2012 climate policy implications), the EC FP7 project APRAISE on evaluating energy efficiency and climate policy programs in the EU. He is also participating in the Horizon 2020 EU-MERCI (EU coordinated Methods and procedures based on Real Cases for the effective implementation of policies and measures supporting energy efficiency in the Industry) and the Horizon 2020 EPATEE (Evaluation into practice to achieve targets for energy efficiency). He was appointed as expert on the White Certificates team om behalf of the Netherlands of the International Energy Agency/ Demand Side Management (IEA/DSM) program on Task XIV. He participated, among others in the EU SAVE "White and Green" and also carried out a relevant study for the Energy Charter Secretariat.  He has finalised his PhD on interactions of White Certificates energy and climate policy instruments, where he has published a series of articles in books and journals in this field and he is invited as energy efficiency policy expert in various EU policy conferences.

2019 Partners