Panel 3. Policy, finance and governance

Energy efficiency policies must be agents of change to fulfil the long-term objectives of the Paris Climate Agreement. This panel focuses on how the next generation of energy efficiency policies can be financed, designed, implemented, and managed to generate optimal and lasting energy savings, contribute to decarbonisation processes, and keep climate justice and a just transition at the forefront of our mitigation actions. The panel will focus on topics related to policy foundations such as European Union Directives, on their interactions and the need for coordination between them. Out-of-the-box discussions related to how policies are supporting more progressive concepts such as sufficiency, positive energy, negative carbon, positive energy districts, smart buildings, regenerative economies, multiple-benefits, decentralisation and prosumers, etc at national, European and international levels are welcome.  

  • Policy redesign: Is the legal framework fit for purpose? For example: How can inconsistencies be overcome and under which conditions (e.g. governance, institutional, financial, capacity)? How can policies be (re)designed and implemented for maximum impact? 
  • Citizens as agents of change: How does citizens’ mobilisation impact the policy landscape? What can we learn from bottom-up approaches? How could the consumer agenda, including outside the energy domain (e.g., social, consumer, etc.) enable the takeoff of different business/ownership models?  
  • Paradigm shift - from energy efficiency to sufficiency, resource efficiency, regenerative economies, mitigation to adaptation and circularity: How can we make the environment a bigger policy issue (measuring it, becoming resilient)? How can we operationalise these concepts? How can we finance them? How do we adapt the mindset?  
  • Climate justice and the multiple benefits of environmental policy: How are governance frameworks adapting to thinking about climate justice, are there any policy measures, pledges, aims or financial or supporting mechanisms in place to target climate injustices? How are policies adapting to include the abundance of multiple benefits linked to energy efficiency? Are there any policies in place that are directly linked to other sector’s policies, such as housing, health, finance, culture, etc.? 
  • Cross-sectoral governance: How can countries (or regions) improve their policy foundations for energy efficiency and sufficiency? How are energy efficiency policies connected to other related policies? How are these policies affecting and considering energy efficiency and sufficiency? 
  • International framework: What can countries and regions learn from international agreements and platforms such as the UNFCCC COP?  What international policy examples are interesting to learn from? How can European policies and governance solutions contribute to solutions and policy development in other regions? 

Panel leaders


Marine Cornelis, Nextenergy, Italy

Marine Cornelis is the executive director and founder of Next Energy Consumer, a policy consultancy focused on the social aspects of the energy and climate transitions. She works on social innovation, citizens rights in the ongoing transformations of the energy system, the societal impact of climate change mitigation strategies, the challenges of energy poverty, and making sustainable development inclusive and fair. She has launched Next Energy Consumer in order to help build a just transition, after having worked as an EU energy rights advocate for many years in Brussels. Marine is a French national with perfect command of English and Italian. She has a background in political sciences and economics.

Sophie Shnapp

Sophie Shnapp, SSPICE LTD, United Kingdom

Having spent the past decade working as an expert internationally and for the EU, Sophie Shnapp has unique expertise in the fields of climate change, energy efficiency, renewable energy, sustainability and environmental and cultural policy development, strategy and implementation. As an environmental consultant she wears several hats and is involved in a range of projects; designing and realising EU environmental policies and directives, developing national energy reduction strategies and roadmaps for many countries and implementing tools to support districts and companies in reducing their energy consumption.
Using her environmental expertise, alongside her topdown policy work, she works in a spectrum of arts and creative projects and charities, being a firm believer that culture is the key to the public engagement needed for transformative change. In this capacity, she hosts a radio show providing accessible information on the climate through interviews with environmental experts on topical issues. She works with Julie’s Bicycle focussing on creative and cultural responses to the climate crisis to explore how the creative climate movement is mobilising action. She is on the founding committee of Brian Eno’s new music and climate charity EarthPercent, encouraging artists and music-related organisations to pledge a small percentage of their income towards impactful ways of dealing with climate change.

Rod Janssen

Rod Janssen, Energy in Demand, United Kingdom

Rod Janssen is an expert in sustainable energy policies and gives special focus to how to communicate sustainable energy issues to a wide variety of audiences. Since 1988 he has been an independent consultant based primarily in Paris, involved in Europe-wide energy efficiency and renewable energy policy analysis for more than two decades. Most recently, Rod has been working on an industrial energy efficiency project in Turkey.

Rod is President and Chairman of the Board of the Brussels-based organisation Energy Efficiency in Industrial Processes.  For EEIP, he is also chairs its work on financing and represents EEIP at the Energy Efficiency Financial Institutions Group, organised by the European Commission and UNEP.  Rod is also a former board member of eceee.

In 2012, Rod created the web service, Energy in Demand, to reach wider audiences globally through the use the web and social media. It is now one of the most popular blogs on sustainable energy in Europe.

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